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About HZMB

HZMB Main Bridge

Hong Kong – Zhuhai – Macao Bridge

The proposed Hong Kong – Zhuhai – Macao Bridge (HZMB), being situated at the waters of Lingdingyang of Pearl River Estuary, is a mega-size sea crossing linking the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR), Zhuhai City of Guangdong Province and Macao Special Administrative Region.1

It consists of a Main Bridge in Mainland waters together with the boundary crossing facilities and link roads within the three places. The functions of the Bridge are to meet the demand of passenger and freight land transport among Hong Kong, the Mainland (particularly the region of Pearl River West) and Macao, to establish a new land transport link between the east and west banks of the Pearl River, and to enhance the economic and sustainable development of the three places.

Hong Kong – Zhuhai – Macao Bridge

The HZMB Main Bridge runs from the artificial island off Gongbei of Zhuhai to the eastern artificial island for the tunnel section just west of the HKSAR boundary.

 

The project includes a 29.6 km dual 3-lane carriageway in the form of bridge-cum-tunnel structure comprising a tunnel of about 6.7 km; two artificial islands for the tunnel landings west of the HKSAR boundary; and associated works including civil and structural works, environmental mitigation, drainage, electrical and mechanical, traffic control and surveillance system, etc.

Construction of the HZMB Main Bridge commenced in December 2009 for completion in 2016.

For the construction cost of the HZMB Main Bridge, the total contribution of the three places (Hong Kong, Mainland and Macao) will be RMB¥15.73 billion, among which the Government of the Hong Kong SAR will contribute RMB¥6.75 billion. The Legislative Council Finance Committee has approved $9,280 million (in MOD prices) for preliminary design, site investigation, detailed design and construction of the HZMB Main Bridge.

July 2003
“Transport Linkage between Hong Kong and Pearl River West” was completed and confirmed the urgent need for the construction of a land transport link between the HKSAR and the Pearl River West.

 

August 2003
The HZMB Advance Work Coordination Group (AWCG) was established.

 

February 2004
The AWCG commissioned the China Highway Planning and Design Institute (HPDI) to conduct a feasibility study for the HZMB.

April 2005
The expert panel organized by the National Development & Reform Commission (NDRC) agreed the three HZMB landing points at San Shek Wan of Hong Kong SAR, Gongbei of Zhuhai and A Pérola of Macao SAR, and also recommended to adopt the Northern bridge-cum-tunnel alignment option.

 

January 2007
The HZMB Task Force led by the NDRC was established. The Task Force recommended that the Boundary Crossing Facilities of each government should be set up within their own respective territories.

 

February 2008
The three governments agreed on the scope of the HZMB Main Bridge project and to be responsible for the construction, operation and maintenance of their own boundary crossing facilities and associated link roads.

 

August 2008
The three governments agreed to take up the responsibility for the construction of the HZMB Main Bridge. The project cost will be shared according to an agreed principle of Equalization of Benefit to Cost Ratio where Hong Kong will bear 50.2% of the cost, Guangdong 35.1% and Macao 14.7%.
The Mainland (including Central People’s Government support), the HKSAR and the Macao SAR governments will contribute RMB¥7.0 billion, RMB¥6.75 billion and RMB¥1.98 billion respectively to the project cost of the Main Bridge.
The total contributions from the three sides will be RMB 15.73 billion, which is about 42% of the project cost of the Main Bridge. The remaining 58% will be financed by loans.

 

December 2008
The HZMB Feasibility Study Report was submitted to Central People’s Government for approval.

 

March 2009
Contract of HZMB Main Bridge – preliminary design and site investigation was signed. Commencement Ceremony was held and the preliminary design and site investigation was formally commenced.

 

April 2009
Bank of China was selected as the leading bank and will provide loan commitment letter for fulfilling the requirement for approval of the HZMB feasibility study report.

 

October 2009
The Central People’s Government approved the HZMB Feasibility Study Report.

 

December 2009
Reclamation works for Zhuhai-Macao Boundary Crossing Facilities including necessary reclamation works for the west landing point and toll plaza of HZMB Main Bridge commenced. The HZMB construction commencement ceremony chaired by Vice-Premier, Mr. Li Keqiang, was held in Zhuhai on 15 Dec 2009.

 

February 2010
The 3 governments signed an inter-governmental agreement to specify the partnership arrangements between the three governments as well as their rights and responsibilities in respect of the construction, operation, maintenance and management of the HZMB Main Bridge.

 

March 2010
The Ministry of Transport approved the preliminary design for HZMB Main Bridge.

 

May 2010
Joint Works Committee of the Three Governments was established.

 

July 2010
HZMB Authority was established on 27.07.2010

 

 

The reclamation works of Zhuhai-Macao Boundary Crossing Facilities including necessary reclamation for the west landing point and toll plaza of the HZMB Main Bridge commenced on 15 December 2009. Construction of the Main Bridge commenced in December 2010.

 

To oversee the construction, operation, maintenance and management of the HZMB, the governments of Guangdong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region established the “Joint Works Committee of the Three Governments” (the Committee) in May 2010, with Guangdong side as the convenor of the Committee, which is responsible for decision-making on major issues concerning the HZMB project. In July 2010, the three governments also established the HZMB Authority to implement various policies of the Committee and to be responsible for co-ordinating the implementation of the construction, operation, maintenance and management of the HZMB Main Bridge.

 

At present, the HZMB Authority has commenced the construction of tunnel and artificial islands as well as bridges with a view to completing the HZMB Main Bridge project in 2016.